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How to Use Stencils: A Complete Guide

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It looks complicated, but it’s really easy to learn how to use stencils on furniture, walls, and fabric.

Show me a plain piece of furniture and more often than not I’ll think, “Turquoise!” followed by an excited, “With stencils!” You can’t go to some big box furniture store and buy a piece of hand-stenciled furniture. But in the DIYspere, stencils are pretty popular because it’s one of the easiest ways to update old furniture, walls, and fabrics to take a project to the next level.

Don’t believe me?

Just take a look at some of my most popular projects. What’s the one thing they all have in common?

STENCILS!

Today I’m going to share with you everything you need to know about how to stencil on furniture, walls, and fabric so that for your next furniture or room makeover, you’ll feel totally comfortable (not intimidated!) and can begin to love stencils as much as I do!

Everything You Wanted to Know About STENCILS - How to Use Stencils Thrift Diving

 

5 Reasons You Need Some Stencils in Your Life

First, before I cover how to stencil on furniture, fabric, and walls, you have to understand why you should use stencils in the first place. There are probably more than 5 reasons, but these are my favorite reasons:

 

Vintage Dresser Makeover Reclaim paint Thrift Diving 3

 

Reason #1: Because wallpaper sucks.

Oh, suuuure….I’ve seen some fabulous looking wallpaper, my friends. But isn’t that what Moms and Pops said back in the 70’s when they slathered wallpaper on every surface of their Brady Bunch house?

Sure, right now it may look trendy. But just ask those homeowners that buy your house in 30 years as they’re scraping the stuff off with sweat dripping in their eyes. I bet they would say differently. LOL.

Wallpaper sucks because it’s so…..permenant. And I don’t care what they say about wallpaper today being easier to remove. Once it’s up for years and years, I doubt that will be the case.

(P.S. This is what my dining room looked like after we moved into our 1973 home and started ripping down the horrific wallpaper).

 

Dining Room Wallpaper Removal - Thrift Diving

 

Reason #2: Because you can be fickle.

Back to the wallpaper thing: once you pick a wallpaper, you’re unlikely to change it the following year when you realize that chevron wallpaper in your powder room is oh-so-outdated. At least with stencils, you can change your taste next year without worries of wasted money because you spent your kids’ college tuition on wallpapering your house.

Instead, you can stencil you walls to look like wallpaper, like my half bathroom.

 

Small Gray Bathroom Makeover - AFTER - ThriftDiving Blog

 

On furniture, you can do the same thing–stencil and then in a couple years, totally redesign the piece of furniture with a whole new look!

Reason #3: Because you can use them 10,000 times.

Okay…10,000 times is probably stretching the truth. But you can use them over and over again!

But first, let’s make one thing clear: stencils can be pricey. For example, my favorite stencil is about $65. YIKES. But, considering that I’ve used it on at least 9 projects (and even more to come), it’s not that expensive per use!

Here’s one of my favorite projects I used it for: I had split a $30 thrifted table in half for my laundry room makeover, creating a long folding table, and then painted it gray and stenciled it with white! Doesn’t it look awesome?? And since I already had the stencil and paint, the cost was only $30 for the table!

 

How-to-Make-a-DIY-Tablet-Holder-Thrift-Diving6383

 

Reason #4: Because it’s the easiest way to make plain things fabulous.

I can guarantee that my most popular pieces of furniture makeovers wouldn’t have been so popular if I had just painted them one solid color. How boring is that?

Like this thrifted jewelry box makeover  that I turned into a craft supplies organizer. Do you think it would have been so stunning with just turquoise paint?

Uhhhh…Doubtful. LOL

Yet, with gray stenciling with my favorite stencil, it’s stunning! Takes this makeover to a whole ‘nutha level.

 

Make a DIY Tool Chest From an Old Jewelry Box_0119

 

Reason #5: Stencils are a great way to accent, contrast, or highlight parts of furniture, walls, fabric, floors, and more.

That’s right, folks. You can stencil not just on pieces of furniture, fabric, and walls, but floors, and even cabinet doors!

With my bathroom vanity makeover, if I had painted it a solid gray, you wouldn’t even have paid any attention to the molding on the doors. But with a stencil, it accentuates the molding, and instead of it being very 70’s, it feels more updated and fresh with stenciling.

 

How to Paint a Bathroom Vanity - Thrift Diving Blog6810

 

Prepping for Using Stencils

By now you’re probably thinking, “Okay…okay….I get the benefits…..but how do I use stencils??”

Well, we’re getting to that. Let’s first talk about the materials that you need to get started with stenciling furniture, fabric, and walls. Because without the right materials, you can’t even get started.

 

STEP 1: Find the right stencils.

All stencils aren’t created equal. Some can be store-bought for super cheap. Some can cost what feels like an arm and a leg. And others can be made right at home, DIY-style. Keep reading below for where and how to actually buy/find/make your own stencils.

STEP 2: Find the right thing to stencil.

Some projects are easier to stencil than others. Things that are round or prevent the stencil from lying flat are most difficult. Things that are hanging vertical (like large walls!) are also difficult. Stenciling around inside corners may make you want to rip out your hair (don’t believe me?

Stenciling around inside corners may make you want to rip out your hair (don’t believe me? Just watch this video of stenciling my half bathroom). All of these surfaces I just mentioned can cause plastic stencils to bunch up and can leave gaps, making it easy for paint to seep underneath and cause yucky, messy lines.

I recommend finding flat surfaces when you’re a newbie stenciler. Things like flat cabinet doors, dressers, small pieces of flat fabric, or small walls (without corners) make great surfaces for learning how to stencil.

 

How to Use Stencils

 

 

STEP 3: Get the right accessories.

So what do you need to get started with stenciling? Here’s a look at the tools you’ll want to start collecting:

  • Flat paint. On walls, flat latex paint dries faster, creating less opportunity for paint to bleed under the stencil! On furniture, I like to use chalked furniture paint (check out the 12 best furniture paints here). And to kick it up a notch, Modern Masters has really pretty metallics that look beautiful as stencils!
  • Stencils. See below on where I like to buy stencils.
  • Spray adhesive. This works really well when stenciling on fabrics, since that tends to be more slippery. On walls and furniture, you can use spray adhesive, but painter’s tape or stencil tape is good, too.
  • Painter’s tape or stencil tape.
  • Small foam roller.
  • Stencil brushes.
  • Small paint brushes.

 

Outdoor Furniture - AFTER 4 Thrift Diving

 

 

What Designs Can You Stencil?

Remember above how I mentioned that stencils can accentuate and highlight? Well, below are some ideas on designs you can actually stencil to achieve this.

Words & Quotes

I love me some stenciled words and quotes!

When I made over my kids’ bathroom with a navigational theme, I stenciled the words North, East, West, and South on the existing vanity, and added little directional arrows to the word so that my kids (while using the bathroom) could learn a thing or two. Clever mom tactic…ssshhhhhh. 😉

 

Serena's Bathroom (35)_north east west south

 

Stenciled exterior doors are fun ways to welcome people into your home (click here to learn how to paint and replace your exterior door).

 

How to Paint and Stencil a Door - AFTER - Stenciled Door

 

Fun Images & Shapes!

I love how stencils can totally transform a piece of furniture! I had made over this wooden thrifted play sink for my youngest son (which I donated to his daycare for all the kids to play with).

Adding a stenciled anchor totally dressed up the front of the play sink!

 

A Nautical Play Sink

 

Patterns and Designs

There are popular styles of stencil patterns, such as damask, florals, modern patterns, and more. Choose something you wouldn’t mind using more than once so you get your money’s worth out of the stencil! In the project below, I used my favorite stencil on an outdoor patio table!

 

How to paint outdoor furniture using RECLAIM Beyond Paint - REVIEWS

 

How to Use Stencils

Now that you’ve got the right stencil, the right materials, and are excited (or…..overwhelmed?? LOL) about stenciling, now’s the time to actually give it a try!

STEP 1: Plan where to start. 

When I stencil walls, I generally start in the corner of the wall or will center my stencil on a piece of furniture. Depending on the pattern, you may want to start elsewhere, especially if there’s a fun design in the stencil you want in a certain place.

 

How to Use Stencils

 

STEP 2: Use tape or spray adhesive.

Stencils are going to move unless you’ve got a good hand (or are a magician). LOL. Secure it with a light stencil spray adhesive or use painter’s tape (or stencil tape) on the edges to keep it in place.

STEP 3: Load your stencil brush or roller very lightly.

Yes, you can use a roller for stencils! Although stencil brushes are great, rollers can get the job done much faster.

The trick is to use foam rollers so that excess paint isn’t sucked up by the roller, creating a runny situation that ruins your stencil job. Foam rollers will hold the right amount of paint as long as you don’t overload them. 🙂 So be sure to off-load much of the paint before stenciling. It’s okay to go over it with two coats if needed.

While you’re stenciling, lift up a little as you go to check if the paint is bleeding through.

When stenciling fabric, be sure to put something in between (like when stenciling pillow cases) or underneath a single layer of fabric to prevent seepage of the paint.

 

DIY Painted Pillows With Stencils2

 

STEP 4: Repeat Your Stencil Pattern

Stencils usually have little indicators that allow you to repeat a pattern. This is important for large walls or for big pieces of furniture. (Smaller pieces of furniture, crafts, or small pieces of fabrics may not need to repeat).

For example, in my bathroom makeover, after completing a section, I gently picked up the stencil and lined up the pattern with the bottom of the painted pattern above it. See the red arrows?

You don’t have to let the paint dry first (otherwise that could take a loooong time!). Just be very careful when repositioning it.

 

Small-Bathroom-Makeover-Move-stencil-to-next-space-thriftdiving.com_-575x1024

 

STEP 5: Break out the small brushes!

Around corners, narrow doorways, or edges where the stencil can’t lie flat, go slowly. Use small brushes if needed. I’ve even used a pencil to lightly draw the pattern in odd corners and then just filled in with small brushes.

 

How to use stencils in small spaces

 

STEP 6: Stop trying to get it PERFECT.

Trust me–you will have some bleeding! Stencils aren’t 100% flawless and it will drive you batty trying. LOL. Use small brushes with precise tips to touch up around the stencil. (FYI: Stencils with a lot of detail are harder to see your mistakes. Stencils with less pattern are easier to see small screw-ups).

Small paint brushes

Where to Buy Stencils (Or Make Them Yourself)

There are a couple well-known places to get furniture and wall stencils. The difference between the two is that wall stencils are generally bigger than furniture stencils. But there are some other places to buy them (or to make them yourself!).

 

OPTION #1: Royal Design Studio

This is where most of my stencils have come from. They’ve got an awesome selection and I’ve had some of them for several years!

My favorite are the Floral Damask stencil and this Mansion House Grille stencil.

 

How to use stencils on furniture and walls

 

OPTION #2: Cutting Edge Stencils

I’ve never used Cutting Edge Stencils before so I can’t say how well they perform compared to Royal Design Studio. However, they get great reviews on Amazon. And that’s also what sets this brand apart compared to Royal Design Studio stencils: you can actually buy them directly from Amazon, whereas you have to go directly to Royal Design Studio’s website to purchase them. I like the idea of one-click buying from Amazon!

 

Cutting Edge Stencils - Marrakech Trellis

 

OPTION #3: Craft Stores

Craft stores like Hobby Lobby, Michael’s Arts & Crafts, AC Moore, etc. are great places to pick up regular stencils, but let me just warn you that their selection of trendy, hot stencils is dismal. They’ve got a more “classic” selection of stencils that remind me of something your grandmother would buy, or something a mom would buy to stencil little footballs on Johnny’s little wooden birdhouse. LOL.

The high-quality, modern, fashionable ones can usually only be bought online. However, if you’re looking for alphabet stencils, craft stores are usually a good idea.

 

OPTION #4: Amazon

I mentioned above that you can buy good-quality Cutting Edge Stencils on Amazon, but let’s not forget the other stencils you can buy from Amazon:

 

OPTION #5: Cut Your Own Stencils Using a Silhouette Cameo

This is probably my favorite option for creating small stencils for crafts on various projects. The Silhouette Cameo is a cutting machine that can do a bunch of stuff (like designs for heat transfer cutting fabric, stamping, etc.), including cutting stencils and lettering.

You can watch this video for instructions on how to cut stencils with your Cameo. I also love to use this machine to cut stencils from vinyl because vinyl sticks well and gives me the cleanest edges.

 

 

Silhouette Cameo

 

Below is what it looks like to stencil with vinyl that I used to cut with my Silhouette Cameo, which typically leaves very clean lines! I usually prefer to stencil small projects this way, using designs that I found in the Silhouette Cameo store for a couple of bucks.

 

Stenciling with vinyl

 

OPTION #6: Use an Old School Stencil Cutter

And if you don’t want to get all high-tech with the Silhouette Cameo, you can actually cut your own stencils just by using blank stencil sheets and a hand-held stencil cutter. You could lay a design under the stencil sheets, trace it, and then use the stencil cutter to cut it out. Super easy!

OPTION #7: Buy Stencils from Etsy

Don’t forget to check what stencils are available on Etsy! There are a bunch of creative people selling stencils that may be more unique, affordable, etc. You can even get custom stencils. Click here to find stencils on Etsy.

 

How to Wash Your Stencils

I’ll be honest with you–this is the part I hate the most about using reusable stencils. They get messy really quickly, and if you’re using chalk paint, which is very “hearty” and sticks well to everything, they’re tough to clean if you let the paint dry.

The best tip for washing your stencils is to clean them immediately after use with warm, soapy water.

But if you’re like me and you let the paint dry, let them soak overnight in the bathtub in Simple Green, then use a scrub brush to gently remove the paint. Be careful with intricate stencils so you don’t rip them! Be prepared for a mess in your bathtub, too! 😉

 

How to wash your stencils

 

How to Store Your Stencils

After washing them, store your stencils in a place where they can lie flat or gently clip them and hang them up.

Don’t do like me and roll them up in the garage. EEK! 😉

Properly caring for them will make them last longer!

 

Sooo….Where Should You Start NOW??

I know…this is a LOT of information to take in! I hope I haven’t totally overwhelmed you!

Don’t worry–just pin this guide and come back to it later as a reference.

I would recommend practice stenciling on something you don’t mind messing up. Once you’re feeling like a Stenciling Guru, then try your hand at something easy, like fabric or a small piece of thrifted furniture! Save the walls for the stenciling project to do once you’ve mastered a few smaller projects!

 

DIY Stenciled Pillows

 

Soon, you will be on your way to transforming your home with stencils and you’ll love them as much as I do! 🙂

If you find this post helpful, considering sharing it with your friends! 🙂

And now that you’ve learned everything you need to learn about stencils, what’s the next thing you’re planning to stencil? Leave a comment below and let’s chat about it!

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22 Comments

  1. I never took into account that you could use a stencil to put designs on your walls! I’ve been wanting to redecorate my kitchen, so this is a great idea. Where do you recommend getting stencils?

  2. Linda Gatzke says:

    Hi, at the risk of sounding dumb can you please tell me how to use a stencil that has no backing. Thank you.

    1. Hey there, Linda! I’m not sure what you mean by “backing” but I’m thinking you might mean a stencil without a peel and stick backing? In that case, I would likely either tape it down or hold it still with my hand. Taping is likely the better option! šŸ™‚ Hope that helps!

  3. Cynthia Keatley says:

    Thanks Serena for the great instructions. Yours is the only site that I’ve found that has given this newbie a step by step stencilling process from start to finish, and I will definitely add you to my favourites list. I can now move forward with the painted chair I want to stencil for my granddaughter. You just got pinned!!

    Cynthia

  4. Serena, great great post!! I am planning to stencil a wall from an apartment I’ve been asked to decorate and I’m scared!! It will be my first time doing a big job like that so I’ll keep your post for reference.
    Thanks for sharing your ideas with us at Sweet Inspiration.
    Enjoy the rest of the week!

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